Origins[ edit ] The historical origins of Irish Travellers as a distinct group is still unknown. Research has been complicated by the fact that the group appears to have no written records of its own. A suggestion that they might be of Romani extraction  has been disproved by genetic evidence, which finds no connection to Romani groups. It has since been recognised that no single explanation is likely to be adequate in answering this complex question. Current scholarship is investigating the background of Gaelic Ireland before the English Tudor conquest. The mobile nature and traditions of a Gaelic society based on pastoralism rather than land tenure before this event implies that Travellers represent descendants of the Gaelic social order marginalised during the change-over to an English landholding society. The study provided evidence that Irish Travellers are a distinct Irish ethnic minority, who have been distinct from the settled Irish community for at least years; the report claimed that they are as distinct from the settled community as Icelanders are from Norwegians. This apparent distance though may be the effect of genetic drift within a small homogeneous population and may therefore exaggerate the distance between the two populations.
Customs regulations for travellers to Ireland
A new story from The Hidden World of Girls. This one from Ireland. The people of walking. Sometimes called the gypsies of Ireland.
Published by Pendragon, Easingwold, YO61 3YS. January (Number ) GWR ‘King’ No King George I is monarch of all it surveys at Swindon Works in February
Introduction Economic, political and cultural reform in 20th century Ireland brought a change from a state of emigration to one of immigration, with an associated change from monoculturalism to multiculturalism. Ireland was hesitant to join the multicultural arena, being the last western European country to do so. When we consider ideas from social identity theory about the tendency for even highly educated individuals to show inter-group prejudice,3,4 combined with strong competition for employment and cuts in public expenditure, it can be argued that the doors of cultural prejudice in Irish society are still wide open.
In healthcare systems, barriers to equality of care include poor cultural competence, accessibility and prejudice. Culture affects how and where individuals approach and use health services. It also affects what people expect from service providers.
Gypsies – Marriage and Family
The show not only became a national addiction, it also created widespread debate about this secretive and often-misunderstood community. But aside from the extravagant jewel-encrusted dresses and big hair, how much do you really know about Gyspies and Travellers? Here are 10 key things to get you started – 1. Both have a nomadic lifestyle but are separate ethnic groups. There is much debate about their history, however Romany Gypsies are said to have their roots in India and came to Europe in the 13th century, while Travellers are mainly of Irish origin.
The International Man’s Glossary A-Z: colloquialisms, concepts, explanations, expressions, idioms, quotations, sayings and words.
Irish Travelers are endogamous. There are more females than males within the Traveler communities, so competition for marriage partners is strong. Marriages are still arranged by the mothers, sometimes at birth, although these early agreements are often broken. The young couple may have a say in finalizing the match, and rarely do the mothers arrange a marriage without prior approval from the couple.
Traveler men are usually over twenty-one years of age when they marry, but their brides may be as young as twelve with the average being between fifteen and eighteen. Among the less affluent Georgia Travelers, the number of women marrying outside the group has been steadily increasing. Without a large dowry to offer a boy’s family, these girls must choose between the possibility of remaining unmarried for life or marrying outside the group.
Mississippi, Georgia, and Texas Travelers do marry across groups, but the growing population of each group contributes to a reduction in the exchange. Marriage between second cousins is allowed by Irish Travelers and is within the law of most southern states. Local officials have adapted to the cultural practices of the Irish Travelers by waiving the requirement for a court order from juvenile court for a marriage involving someone under fifteen. Weddings are usually held after Christmas because of the likelihood of a large number of Travelers being in the villages for the holidays.
The holidays provide the Travelers with a chance to arrange marriages and then to organize the Ceremony before the families return to the road.
Irish Wedding Customs, Superstitions, and Lucky Traditions
This site is dedicated to you; to help you become more aware of your own rich heritage, to help preserve your traditions, language and knowledge of where you came from and who you are. The identities of Traveling People are everywhere threatened by the flood of misinformation that is being disseminated on the web and through the popular media.
This site pledges to correct such misinformation and to present an accurate and unbiased view of traveling life as it has unfolded since the your ancestors first set foot in the New World.
Dear Twitpic Community – thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years. We have now placed Twitpic in an archived state.
Facebook Who Are Irish Travellers? One of the most interesting and unique ethnic groups that still exist today in minimal quantities are the Irish Travellers. This group of people has a very distinct lifestyle, origin and culture compared to the modern citizens and inhabitants of Ireland. The Irish Travellers consist of ethnic groups and social groups that are nomadic and live in many different parts of the Republic of Ireland, the United Kingdom and the United States.
The most peculiar characteristic of the travellers is their maintenance of their own language and their unique set of traditions, as well as their culture, simple way of living and other characteristics that are very different from the common masses of people. The origin of the travellers is somewhat difficult to study and closely examine since the ethnic group did not leave any written records, evidence or historical pieces of their culture in the past.
For this reason, many historians and scholars have found that the origin of the travellers could be traced back to the military campaign that occurred in Ireland during the mid th century, many landowners and working-class individuals remained homeless during this time period. Other inferences draw conclusions from the origins of the travellers coming from the devastating famine that took place in Ireland from to while other scholars believe that they were descendants of other nomadic groups that were present in Ireland during the 5th century.
Several other theories are present that give an overall insight of the origin of the Irish Travellers. Irish people may have seen the challenges and the societal pressures in Ireland and may have decided to go against that level of status quo practiced by the majority of people. Scholars have formulated several ideas which support the possible presence of the rejection of the standard common values in Ireland and the potential emergence of a new lifestyle which developed into the Irish Travellers.
Most travellers prefer to be identified as Minceir or Pavees in their own language due to the essence of the having a social identity characterized by their culture, customs and traditional ways of living. It is important to consider that Irish Travellers are very distinct from the gypsies, the term gypsy originated during the 16th century from a category of people believed to be from Egyptian origin and not precisely from Irish origin.
Simplicity and uniqueness is what characterizes the lives of the travellers.
The basic structural unit as well as the primary unit of production and consumption is the nuclear family. Descent is bilateral with individuals having equal rights and obligations toward both their maternal and paternal kin. The importance of cognatic kinship is reflected in the use of Eskimo kinship terminology; in flexibility and choice in residence patterns, with households alternately affiliating with either the husband’s or the wife’s kin although a preference for husband’s kin is evident , or with nonkin, or else living on their own; and the absence of corporate kin groups.
Travellers marry at an earlier age than the general Irish population.
Multi award winning documentaries from Ireland. With over 1, documentaries on offer, the Documentary On One has the largest archive of documentaries available globally.
The head of the slavery ring, year-old Martin Rooney, was jailed for 10 years and nine months after being convicted of wounding and conspiracy to require a person to perform forced or compulsory labour. Sentencing Rooney, of Drinsey Nook, Sheffield Road, Saxilby, Lincolnshire, Judge Timothy Spencer QC contrasted the family’s wealth, foreign holidays and expensive cars with the dirty caravans and squalid conditions their victims lived in.
The judge said the difference between the family’s lifestyle and “spotlessly clean” living conditions, and the lives of their victims “was akin to the gulf between medieval royalty and the peasantry”. Undated handout photos issued by Lincolnshire Police of top row, from the left Bridget Rooney, Gerald Rooney, John Rooney, 53, John Rooney, 31, middle row, from the left Lawrence Rooney, Martin Rooney, 35, Martin Rooney Snr, Martin Rooney, 23, bottom row, from the left Patrick Rooney, 54, Patrick Rooney, 31, and Peter Doran, members of a traveller family have been jailed for running a modern slavery ring which kept one of its captives in “truly shocking” conditions for decades.
We would like to offer our sympathies to the 18 victims in this case and urge people to contact the police if they have any information in relation to this type of exploitation. He said cruelty and criminality is not something that is exclusive to any one ethnic group — “but rather something that, regrettably, exists among all ethnic groups”. A total of 11 defendants were convicted of offences following a series of linked trials relating to modern slavery and fraud at Nottingham Crown Court.
10 Things You Need To Know About Gypsies and Travellers
Expert Vagabond — Matthew Karsten is an adventure travel addict, photographer and great storyteller. His curiosity of the world took him to many places around the globe. For the last 4 years he shares his entertaining stories, beautiful images, and useful travel tips with us. His recipe for happiness is simple — Live the life you want, not the way other expect.
True Nomads — Justin Carmack travels and dives for a living. Permanent nomad, he believes that travel should be a lifestyle, not a vacation.
A time line from before writing began to the present, linked to Andrew Roberts’ book Social Science History and to other resources.
They have a strong cultural identity, a rich history of tradition and a distinct value system. The Irish government officially recognises Travellers as a cultural minority, however the Traveller community have long been campaigning for ethnic minority status. There are approximately 30, Travellers in the Rebublic of Ireland, as well as 1, in Northern Ireland. It is unclear how many Irish Travellers are living in America but the figure is thought to be anywhere between 10, and 40, Nomadism Travellers have traditionally always lived a Nomadic lifestyle, from the old tradition of living in wagons and travelling the country, to living in more modern caravans.
Many Travellers now live fixed in accommodation, such as staying permanently on one site or living in houses. But a Traveller living in a house is still a Traveller, and nomadism is still a part of the Traveller Identity whether it is practiced regularly or not. Language Travellers have their own language which is known as Cant. It has roots in the old Irish language but has an influence from English also.
Pavee Point: Why these 6 Traveller myths are untrue
Richard Cowen’s Chapter Eight: Leaving the Water – images – curent page , , to , , years ago Eurypterids, otherwise known as sea scorpions. Wikipedia Late Ordovician survivals and extinctions:
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Research governance approval including multicentre research ethics committee ethical review was obtained with secondary approval from primary care trusts and local research ethics committees in each location where health visitors worked. The interviews were carried out within 2—3 weeks of completion of the Health Survey Questionnaire. A topic guide was developed from five sources: The interviews were long and detailed; this paper focuses on the last two topic areas and describes the four major emergent themes relating to them.
Interviews were conducted by the lead author PVC ; all but one were tape recorded. A thematically organised understanding was developed using the framework method. Analysis proceeded reiteratively in four stages: The final version of each stage was also reviewed by the third author KT. Respondent validation To test our interpretation of the data and to check for counterexamples, credibility, confidentiality and transferability, 6 we presented the initial thematic findings to volunteer groups of Gypsies and Travellers in each study location.
Volunteers attended by open invitation. To examine transferability of findings to the wider Gypsy and Traveller community, they were not selected by health status.